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Sudan agrees to hand over ex-president Omar al-Bashir to face genocide and war crimes charges

Sudan agrees to hand over ex-president Omar al-Bashir to face genocide and war crimes charges


1989 – Al-Bashir and his allies in the military take power from the democratically elected government of Sudan

1990/1 – Sudan supports Saddam Hussein during the invasion of Kuwait, causing the US to start to work to isolate the country 

1995 – Egypt’s ruling president Hosni Mubarak accuses Sudan of attempting to assassinate him in Addis Ababa

1998 – Missiles are dropped on a pharmaceutical plant in Khartoum, the capital, by the US, following allegations that it was making chemical weapons

1999 – Al-Bashir removes the country’s speaker Hassan al-Turabi from office. He had started negotiations for a peace deal with the South Sudanese rebels

2003 – Peace talks between Sudan and South Sudan begin

2004 – South Sudanese rebels march into Darfur to defend non-Arab people’s that they claim are being persecuted by the government. Al-Bashir responds by launching an operation described as ‘ethnic cleansing’

2005 – Peace deal with South Sudan signed allowing for autonomous government and a referendum on independence after six years

2007 – UN sends 27,000-strong force to Darfur to help halt the fighting

2009 – Arrest warrant issued for Al-Bashir by the International Criminal Court in The Hague accusing him of war crimes and crimes against humanity

2010 – President Bashir gains another term in office through elections that Human Rights Watch described as flawed with logistical failures and technical irregularities

2011 – South Sudan gains independence from Sudan following a referendum

2012 – First protests rock the country over rising fuel costs. The president had been forced to cut the previous subsidy due to a drop in fuel costs

2013 – Sudan agrees to accept oil pumped from South Sudan. Both country’s agree to remove their soldiers from the border to create a de-militarised zone

2014 – International Criminal Court halts war crimes investigation due to lack of support from UN security council. Al-Bashir had visited Kenya, and ICC signatory, in 2010 to see whether he would be arrested

2015 – Al-Bashir re-elected with almost 95 per cent of the vote

Mass protests pictured in Khartoum, Sudan, in June last year. The population were demanding that the military hand government back to the population

2018 – Protests break out again in the capital over the rising price of bread. The government had also removed this subsidy

2019 – Al-Bashir toppled by the military two months after declaring a state of emergency and sacking his cabinet as he tries to get regain control despite widespread protests in the country

2020 – Sudan agrees to send al-Bashir to the International Criminal Court 

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